International Journal of Hematology and Oncology 2024, Vol 34, Num 1 Page(s): 103-105
ABO and Rh Blood Groups Frequency in Denizli Province

Yasemin I. BALCI1, Gultekin OVET2, Ibrahim E. COVUT2, Ferzan GONCU2, Meziyet YILMAZ2

1Denizli State Hospital, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Denizli, TURKEY
2Denizli State Hospital, Department of Blood Transfusion Control Committee, Denizli, TURKEY

Keywords: ABO, Rh, Denizli
The history of the studies on blood groups dates back to early 20th century. Today, more than 600 antigenic structure was detected among 29 blood groups. However, ABO and Rh antigenic structure were taken into consideration in transfusion medicine. To know the rates of the blood groups in a city really helps the citizens in need and blood bank employees. There isn’t any study on frequency of blood groups in Denizli. In this study, we aimed to find out the rates of ABO and Rh blood groups in Denizli province and provide new data to the literature. This study is fulfilled by evaluation of 64.840 people, who were applied to Denizli State Hospital for identification of blood groups between January 2005 and August 2009. Blood groups were examined by gel-centrifugation method. In our study, 58.292 (89.9%) people were found Rh positive and 6548 (10.1%) people were found Rh negative. The frequency of the blood groups A, O, B, AB were found in order as 42.6%, 33.3%,16.8%, 7.4% respectively. The rates of blood groups in Denizli are similar throughout Turkey and in city basis. We consider that this study, which is the first in our city, will contribute to the literature.