International Journal of Hematology and Oncology 2023, Vol 33, Num 4 Page(s): 166-174
The Investigation of Some Hematological Values and Anemia Prevalence in Adult Population of Tokat Province

Ilhan CETIN1, Yunus BULUT2, Beytullah YILDIRIM3, Banu OZTURK3, Gulgun YENISEHIRLI2, Ilker ETIKAN4, Metin OZDEMIR2, Suleyman YUCE3, Idris SAHIN3, Mucahit EGRI1

1Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Tokat, TURKEY
2Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology, Tokat, TURKEY
3Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokat, TURKEY
4Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Tokat, TURKEY

Keywords: Anemia prevalence, Hemoglobin, Hematological values, Tokat
This study was conducted in 70 (12 urban and 58 rural) settlements in Tokat province. The study group consists of a random sampling of 1095 participants aged 18 years and over. A questionnaire was administered to and blood samples were taken and analyzed from all individuals involved in the study group. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, erythrocyte, Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), and leukocyte values were significantly lower in female participants. Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) and thrombocyte values were significantly lower in male participants. Anemia prevalence was found to be 11.1% in the study group and anemia was more commonly found in females (15.9%) than males (6.1%). In addition, anemia prevalence was reached highest level in the 60 aged and over. More than half of anemic individuals (51.2%) had microcytic, 45.5% normocytic, and 3.3% macrocytic anemia. In this study, hematological values in Tokat province were found to be lower than the results of studies performed in other areas of Turkey. We hypothesize that the difference may be related to the higher altitude of Tokat province. Also, Tokat’s lower anemia prevalence may be related to the nutritional habits and lifestyle of its inhabitants.