International Journal of Hematology and Oncology 2019, Vol 29, Num 1 Page(s): 077-084
JAK 2V617F Mutation: Frequency and Relation to Clinical and Laboratory Features of BCR-ABL Negative Myeloproliferative Diseases

Gül ILHAN1, Sema KARAKUS1, Feride I. SAHIN1

1Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Hematology, Ankara, TURKEY
2Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetic, Ankara, TURKEY

Keywords: JAK2 V617F mutation, Polycythemia vera, Essential thrombocytemia, Idiopathic myelofibrosis
In this study, we planned to investigate frequency of the JAK2 V617F mutation and it’s relation with clinical and laboratory findings of BCR-ABL negative myeloproliferative diseases (MPD) which consist of polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). Totally 65 patients were included in the study which composed of 28 (43.1 %) PV, 29 (44 %) ET and 8 (12.3 %) IMF patients. Forty one (63%) patients were female and 24 (37%) were male. Mean age of patients was 64.02±12.42. Frequency of the JAK2V617F mutation was found in 25 (89.3%) of PV, 18 (62.1%) of ET and 2 (25%) of IMF patients. We found no difference in gender and frequency of thrombosis, constitutional symptoms, pruritus, hemorrhage, splenomegaly, bone marrow fibrosis, cytoreductive treatment requirement, arterial/venous thrombosis between JAK2 V617F mutated and unmutated PV and ET and IMF patients. When compared homozygous and heterozygous JAK2 V617F mutated PV and ET patients according to these variables, there was no significant difference. There were no statistically significant difference in Hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (HCT), leukocyte, lactate dehidrogenase (LDH), EPO and ferritin levels between JAK2 V617F mutated and unmutated PV and ET patients. HCT levels and leukocyte counts were significantly higher in JAK2 V617F mutated than unmutated IMF patients (p=0.046, p=0.046). Other variables were not found different. Comprehensive prospective studies are necessary for determining the relationship of the JAK2 V617F mutation with clinical and laboratory findings .