International Journal of Hematology and Oncology 2019, Vol 29, Num 2 Page(s): 049-053
Current Treatment of Brain Metastases

Serap AKYÜREK1, Özden ALTUNDAĞ2, Banu YAĞMURLU3, Kadri ALTUNDAĞ4

1Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Radyasyon Onkolojis Anabilim Dalı, ANKARA
2MD Anderson Kanser Merkezi, Houston, USA
3Hacettepe Üniversitesi Radyoloji Anabilim Dalı, ANKARA
4Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Medikal Onkoloji Bilim Dalı, ANKARA

Keywords: Brain metastases, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Surgery
Brain metastases are the most common form of brain cancer. Treatment is aimed at palliation of symptoms and preservation of neurologic function. Historicially, conventional radiation therapy has been the mainstay of palliative treatment for brain metastases. However, additional treatment options for brain metastases have been brought about by technological advances in surgery to resect brain metastases, and stereotactic radiosurgery to focally irradiate metastases. In this review, we discussed the four main treatment modalities; whole brain radiotherapy, surgery, radiosurgery and chemotherapy.