İmdat DİLEK1, Cengiz DEMİR1, Ali BAY2, Hayrettin AKDENİZ3, Ahmet F. ÖNER2
1Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Division of Hematology, VAN
2Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Hematology, VAN
3Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infection Disease, VAN
Keywords: ABO and Rh Blood Groups, Frequency, Genders, Van (Turkey)
Objective: ABO and Rh blood groups which are basic for determination of blood compatibility consist of the most important tests of blood center. In this study, we aimed to find out the rates of ABO and Rh blood groups in male and female donors in our region. Therefore, donors attending to our blood center within the last five years were investigated taken into account their gender.
Methods: Blood groups were examined by gel-centrifugation or tube agglutination methods.
Results: Out of totally 33.193 individuals, 14.716 were female (44.3%) and 18.477 males (55.7%), and average age was 34 (range 20-60 years old). Taken into account the whole donors, A blood type was found as 43.8%, O blood type 30.8%, B blood type 16.2% and AB blood type 8.6% in rate. With respect to blood type frequency in genders group A was in the rate of 44.1% and 43.6%, group O 31% and 30.5%, group B 16.3% and 16.1% and group AB 8.6% and 9.8% in women and men, respectively. The Rh positivity rate into totally whole donors was 85.5%, being 86.0% in men and 84.8% in women.
Conclusion: ABO and Rh blood groups rates were very near to each other in women and men, and also the average rate was very similar to averages in Turkey.